Working with Keyframes in Adobe Premiere

  • When you use keyframes to animate the Opacity effect, you can view and edit the keyframes in either the Effect Controls or the Timeline panel. Sometimes, the Timeline panel alternative can be more appropriate for quickly viewing and adjusting keyframes. The following guidelines may indicate the appropriate panel for the task at hand:
  • Editing keyframes in the Timeline panel works best for effects that have a single, one‑dimensional value, such as opacity or audio volume. The Effect Controls panel is usually easier for editing keyframes of properties that have multiple, angular, or two‑dimensional values, such as Levels, Rotation, or Scale, respectively.
  • In the Timeline panel, variations in keyframe values are indicated graphically, so you can see at a glance how keyframe values change over time. By default, values change between keyframes in a linear manner, but you can apply options that refine the rate of change between keyframes. For example, you can bring motion to a gradual stop. You can also change the interpolation method and use Bezier controls to fine‑tune the speed and smoothness of an effect’s animation.
  • The Effect Controls panel can display the keyframes of multiple properties at once, but only for the clip selected in the Timeline panel. The Timeline panel can display the keyframes for multiple tracks or clips at once but can display the keyframes of only one property per track or clip.
  • Like the Timeline panel, the Effect Controls panel also displays keyframes graphically. Once keyframing is activated for an effect property, you can display the Value and Velocity graphs. The Value graph displays keyframes with changes in an effect’s property values. The Velocity graph displays keyframes with handles for adjusting the speed and smoothness of the value changes from keyframe to keyframe.
  • Keyframes for audio track effects can be edited only in the Timeline panel or in the Audio Mixer. Keyframes for audio clip effects are like keyframes for video clip effects; they can be edited in the Timeline panel or in the Effect Controls panel.

 

Activate Keyframing

To animate an effect property, you must activate keyframing for that property in the Effect Controls panel. Once keyframes are activated, you can add and adjust as many keyframes as you need for animating the effect’s property.

 

  1. Make sure you have a sequence with clips in the Timeline panel. By default, the Fixed effects (Motion, Opacity, and Volume) are applied to clips in the video and audio tracks.
  2. (Optional) Add Standard effects to clips.
  3. Do any of the following:
  • In the Effect Controls panel, first select the clip in the Timeline panel that contains the effect you want to animate, and then in the Effect Controls panel, click the triangle to expand the controls of the effect you want to animate.
  • In the Timeline panel, click the Show Keyframes icon  and choose any option from the menu except Hide Keyframes. The Add/Delete Keyframes button is activated for keyframing. You can immediately start adding and adjusting keyframes only for Fixed Effects in the Timeline panel. Keyframing for Standard effects must be first activated in the Effect Controls panel.
  1. In the Effect Controls panel, click the triangle next to the effect property you want to animate.
  2. Click the Toggle Animation button  next to the property name. A keyframe appears at the current time. Keyframing is now activated for an effect’s property.

 

View Keyframes in the Effect Controls Panel

If you’ve added keyframes to a sequence clip, you can view them in the Effect Controls panel. Any effect containing keyframed properties displays Summary Keyframe icons  when the effect is collapsed. Summary keyframes appear across from the effect’s heading and correspond to all the individual property keyframes contained in the effect. You cannot manipulate summary keyframes; they appear for reference only.

  1. Select a clip in the Timeline panel.
  2. If necessary, click the Show/Hide Timeline View button  in the Effect Controls panel to show the effects timeline. You may need to widen the Effect Controls panel to make the Show/Hide Timeline View button visible.
  3. In the Effect Controls panel, click the triangle to the left of the effect name to expand the effect you want to view. The keyframes display in the Effect Controls timeline.
  4. (Optional) If you want to view the Value and Velocity graphs of an effect property’s settings, click the triangle next to the Toggle Animation icon  to expand an effect property.

 

View Keyframes and Properties in the Timeline Panel

If you’ve added keyframes to animate an effect, you can view them and their properties in the Timeline panel. For video and audio effects, the Timeline panel can display the keyframes specific to each clip. For audio effects, the Timeline panel can also display the keyframes for an entire track. Although each clip or track can display a different property, only one property’s keyframes can be displayed at a time within an individual clip or track.

 

The segments connecting keyframes form a graph that indicates changes in keyframe values along the duration of the clip or track. Adjusting keyframes and segments changes the shape of the graph.

 

  1. (Optional) If the track is collapsed, click the triangle to the left of the track name to expand it.
  2. For a video track, click the Show Keyframes icon  and choose any of the following from the menu:
  • Show Keyframes Displays the graph and keyframes of any video effect applied to clips in the track. An effect menu appears next to the clip name so you can choose the effect you want to view.
  • Show Opacity Handles Displays the graph and keyframes of the Opacity effect for each clips in the track.
  •  Hide Keyframes Hides the graphs and keyframes for all clips in the track.
  1. For an audio track, click the Show Keyframes button and choose any of the following from the menu:
  • Show Clip Keyframes Displays the graph and keyframes of any audio effect applied to clips in the track. An effect menu appears next to the clip name so you can choose the effect you want to view.
  • Show Clip Volume Displays the graph and keyframes of the Volume effect for each clips in the track.
  • Show Track Keyframes Displays the graph and keyframes of any audio effect applied to the entire track. An effect menu appears at the beginning of the track so you can choose the effect you want to view.
  • Show Track Volume Displays the graph and keyframes of the Volume effect applied to the entire track.
  • Hide Keyframes Hides the graphs and keyframes for all clips in the track.

4. (Optional) Use the Zoom In control to magnify the clip so that the effect pop‑up menu appears at the top of the track in the Timeline panel. You can also drag the boundaries above and below the track name to increase the track height.

5. (Optional) Drag the boundaries of a track header to change the height of a track. For a video track, drag the top of the track. For an audio track, drag the bottom of the track. To resize all expanded tracks, hold down the Shift key while dragging.

6. (Optional) If you chose Show Keyframes, Show Clip Keyframes, or Show Track Keyframes in steps 2 and 3, click the effect menu and choose the effect that contains keyframes.

 

7. Place the pointer directly over a keyframe to view its property in a tool tip.

The tool tip displays the keyframe’s location, as well as the property and options you set for it in the Effect Controls panel. This information is useful for making precise keyframe placements, quickly noting the value you’ve set for a keyframe, and quickly comparing the location and change in value of two or more keyframes.


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